According to Matthew Henry's Commentary, he used the same word when speaking to Mary with affection from the cross. Bechtel disagrees with this reading. She writes that the use of the word "woman" in reference to Jesus' mother is "startling.
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Although it would not be improper or disrespectful to address an ordinary woman in this way as he often does: see John , , , it is inappropriate to call his mother 'woman'" Bechtel , p. Bechtel further argues that this is a device Jesus uses to distance himself from Judaism. However, Bishop William Temple says there is no English phrase that represents the original "Woman, leave me to myself. We have no corresponding term; 'lady' is precious, and 'madam' is formal. So we must translate simply and let the context give the tone. Jesus, being Mary's firstborn son, took the responsibility of caring for his aging mother's future.
Soon before he died, Jesus made arrangements for the disciple whom Jesus loved to take care of her. Mary Magdalene also called Miriam of Magdala is among the women depicted in the New Testament who accompanied Jesus and his twelve apostles , and who also helped to support the men financially. The New Testament says she saw Jesus laid in a tomb.
Mark reports that after his resurrection , Jesus appeared first to Mary Magdalene. The New Testament also says that Jesus had cast seven demons out of her. For centuries, Mary Magdalene was identified in Western Christianity as an adulteress and repentant prostitute, although nowhere does the New Testament identify her as such. In the late 20th century, discoveries of new texts and changing critical insight brought this into question.
According to Harvard theologian Dr.
Karen King, Mary Magdalene was a prominent disciple and leader of one wing of the early Christian movement that promoted women's leadership. King cites references in the Gospel of John that the risen Jesus gives Mary special teaching and commissions her as an "apostle to the apostles. Later tradition, however, names her as "the apostle to the apostles. Jeffrey Kripal , Chair of Rice University's Department of Religious Studies, writes that Christian Gnostic texts put Mary Magdalene in a central position of authority, but these texts were excluded from orthodox Biblical canons.
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Kripal describes Mary Magdalene as a tragic figure who maintained an important role later diminished by the male church leadership Kripal , p. Kripal explains that gnostic texts suggest an intimate, possibly sexual relationship between Jesus and Mary Magdalene, but that Jesus' sexuality is absolutely ambiguous based on the available evidence: "The historical sources are simply too contradictory and simultaneously too silent on the matter". Kripal , p.
According to Kripal, the gnostic texts "consistently [present] Mary as an inspired visionary, as a potent spiritual guide, as Jesus' intimate companion, even as the interpreter of his teaching". The great Protestant reformer Martin Luther also assumed a sexual relationship between the two, perhaps to give some historical precedent for his own dramatic rejection of Catholic celibacy ".
This story, beloved for its revelation of God's mercy toward sinners, is found only in John's Gospel. Some scribes and Pharisees interrupted his teaching as they brought in a woman who had been taken in the very act of adultery. Their treatment of the woman is callous and demeaning.
They stood her before him, declared the charge, reminded him of Moses' command that such women be stoned. More precisely, the law speaks of the death of both the man and the woman involved. If he is lax toward the law, then he is condemned.
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But if he holds a strict line, then he has allowed them to prevail in their ungodly treatment of this woman and will be held responsible by the Romans if the stoning proceeds. After a time of silence, Jesus stooped down and wrote with his finger on the ground. It was unlawful to write even two letters on the sabbath but writing with dust was permissible m. The text includes no hint of what he wrote. The woman's accusers were trying to entrap Jesus, not just the woman. To them she was a worthless object to be used to "catch" Jesus on a theological legal issue.
Finally, Jesus stood up and said to the accusers, "Let the one among you who is without sin cast the first stone. In his answer Jesus did not condone adultery. No one could pass the test, and they slipped out one by one, beginning with the eldest. When Jesus and the woman were finally alone, he asked her a simple question, "Woman, where are they? Did no one condemn you?
Go, and from now on no longer sin. He condemned the sin and not the sinner. While acknowledging that she had sinned, he turned her in a new direction with real encouragement. Jesus rejected the double standard for women and men and turned the judgment upon the male accusers. His manner with the sinful woman was such that she found herself challenged to a new self-understanding and a new life. John — The in-depth account about Jesus and the Samaritan Woman at the Well is highly significant for understanding Jesus in several relationships: Samaritans , women, and sinners.
By talking openly with this woman, Jesus crossed a number of barriers which normally would have separated a Jewish teacher from such a person as this woman of Samaria. Jesus did three things that were highly unconventional and astonishing for his cultural-religious situation:.
The disciples showed their astonishment upon their return to the well: "They were marveling that he was talking with a woman. For a rabbi to discuss theology with a woman was even more unconventional. Jesus did not defer to a woman simply because she was a woman. He did not hesitate to ask of the woman that she let him drink from her vessel, but he also did not hesitate to offer her a drink of another kind from a Jewish "bucket" as he said to her, "Salvation is of the Jews.
Indeed, once taught, she proclaims Christ to the inhabitants of Samaria so that they too receive him with faith.
The key to Jesus' stance is found in his perceiving persons as persons. He saw the stranger at the well as someone who first and foremost was a person —not primarily a Samaritan, a woman, or a sinner. This evangelized woman became an evangelist. She introduced her community to "a man" whom they came to acclaim as "the Savior of the world. The Bible says she brought "many Samaritans" to faith in Christ. This incident is unlike any other in the canonical Gospels.
The woman , whose little daughter was possessed by an impure spirit, came and fell at his feet. The woman was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged Jesus to drive the demon out of her daughter. Jesus seems harsh toward the woman as he first denies her request for help for her daughter. He also appears to be condescending and denigrating of her as he says, "First let the children be fed, for it is not fitting to take the bread of the children and throw it to the dogs.
She is identified as "a Greek, a Syrophoenician by race. In both Mark and Matthew, non-Jews are likened to "dogs," and a woman deeply concerned for her daughter's condition is brushed off until she herself prevails in her discourse with Jesus. As to the manner of Jesus with women, he did not substitute uncritical deference for prejudice against women. He related to women as persons with words and dignity. In this story as elsewhere, Jesus is seen as capable of manifesting a critical stance toward woman, yet at the same time being respectful of her self-affirmation as she boldly countered his own remarks.
Why Jesus appeared harsh to a disadvantaged person, and also seems to lose the brief spirited and incisive dialog with her is still debated among authorities. Several interpretations have been offered by theologians. Gilbert Bilezekian believes Jesus' seemingly indifferent attitude to the woman's plea and the strange dialogue that followed should not be interpreted as reluctance on his part to minister either to Gentiles or to a woman.
He focuses on her faith, which Jesus later describes as "great". She expressed her faith that Gentiles have a share in salvation, confessing that his messiahship transcends human segregations of Jew, Gentile, man or woman. She was his first convert in the "Gentile world".
Luke and John show that Jesus had a close relationship with the sisters Mary and Martha who resided in Bethany. Luke relates an occasion of tension during one of Jesus' visits to the home of Martha and Mary. While Martha prepared the meal, Mary sat at the feet of Jesus and "she was hearing his word. Finally she openly shared her feelings, stood over Jesus who was either seated or reclining, and complained: "She came to him and asked, "Lord, don't you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself?
Tell her to help me! Mary has chosen what is better, and it will not be taken away from her. Mary's choice was not a conventional one for Jewish women. She sat at the feet of Jesus and was listening to his teaching and religious instruction. Jewish women were not permitted to touch the Scriptures; they were not taught the Torah, although they were instructed in accordance with it for the proper regulation of their lives.